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[Map Of Heraklio]
  Select Your Prefecture  
  Chania Rethymno Heraklio Lassithi  
Select Your Area In Heraklio
1. Agia Pelagia7. Episkopi13. Kokkini Hani19. Matala
2. Amnissos8. Fodele14. Kokkinos Pirgos20. Psari Forada
3. Amoudara9. Gournes15. Koutouloufari - Piskopiano21. Sarhos
4. Anissaras10. Gouves16. Ligaria22. Stalis
5. Arhanes11. Heraklion City17. Linoperamata23. Tylissos
6. Avdou Village12. Hersonissos18 Malia


  There has been a settlement in Heraklio since Neolithic times. Although few remains have been found in the city proper, it was probably a port for Knossos during Minoan and Roman times.The Saracens captured it in 824 A.D. and renamed it El Khandak (The Moat) after the moat they dug around it. The city was regained by the Byzantine Empire in 961 A.D. after many unsuccessful attempts. After the Crusaders occupied Constantinople in 1204, they gave Crete to Boniface of Monferrat who sold the island to Venice for one thousand pieces of silver. Under Venetian rule the arts flourished and Candia, as the Venetians renamed it, became a centre of learning. Many scholars and artists took refuge in Candia after the fall of Constantinople in 1453. The Venetians began construction of the city walls in 1462, which were completed more than a century later. The walls were 4km in length, of a triangular shape and had seven bastions. The Venetians also built the harbour and various other masterly architectural works. The walls proved their deterrent strength when the city was besieged for 21 years, one of the longest sieges in history. The final surrender came in 1669 after 100,000 Turks and 30,000 Venetians had been killed. Turkish occupation was heavily resented by the Cretans and continuous guerrilla warfare was waged against the Turks and, in return, the Turks often made reprisals against the Cretan population in the cities. Iraklion grew in size after the 1913 union with Greece. However, its strategic location again made it a target for invading forces in 1941. The German bombardment during the Battle of Crete caused a great amount of damage and after the war the city was extensively rebuilt. Chania was originally the capital of Crete. The administrative centre of Crete was transferred to Iraklion in 1971.


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